A breast lump is a swelling, growth or lump in the breast(s). Although, most breast lumps are not caused by breast cancer and are non-cancerous, however, breast cancers are a cause of lumps in the breast. Therefore it is important that you:
- Examine your breasts regularly
- Monitor the changes in your breast and identify any problems
- If you discover lumps in your breast, SEE A DOCTOR IMMEDIATELY!
WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF BREAST LUMPS?
- FIBROADENOSIS: this is a normal swelling or tenderness experienced as a result of changes in hormones throughout the menstrual cycle. The pain is usually felt before your period starts.
- FIBROADENOMA: is a firm lump that moves around easily in the breast but it’s non-cancerous. It occurs as a result of excess growth of breast glands and connective tissues.
- BREAST CYSTS: are fluid-filled round, smooth and firm lumps that is seen 2weeks before your period and resolves after your period.
- INFECTION: occurs when breast ducts becomes blocked and bacteria enters through the nipple leading to the collection of pus in the breast although it is more common among breastfeeding mothers.
- FAT NECROSIS: these are lumps formed as a result of injury to the fatty tissues in the breast.
- LIPOMA: are lumps formed when a fatty growth occurs in the fatty tissues of the breast but it is non-cancerous.
- BREAST CANCER: is a malignant tumour in breast cells and tissues. Breast cancers are a cause of most lumps in the breast.
HOW DO I PREVENT BREAST CANCER?
- Avoid or Drink LESS alcohol
- STOP smoking
- Maintain a healthy body weight
- Exercise Regularly
- Breastfeed your baby
- Avoid Exposure to radiation especially in the chest area
- Eat a balanced diet.