breast

A breast lump is a swelling, growth or lump in the breast(s). Although, most breast lumps are not caused by breast cancer and are non-cancerous, however, breast cancers are a cause of lumps in the breast. Therefore it is important that you:

  • Examine your breasts regularly
  • Monitor the changes in your breast and identify any problems
  • If you discover lumps in your breast, SEE A DOCTOR IMMEDIATELY!

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF BREAST LUMPS?

  1. FIBROADENOSIS: this is a normal swelling or tenderness experienced as a result of changes in hormones throughout the menstrual cycle. The pain is usually felt before your period starts.
  2. FIBROADENOMA: is a firm lump that moves around easily in the breast but it’s non-cancerous. It occurs as a result of excess growth of breast glands and connective tissues.
  3. BREAST CYSTS: are fluid-filled round, smooth and firm lumps that is seen 2weeks before your period and resolves after your period.
  4. INFECTION: occurs when breast ducts becomes blocked and bacteria enters through the nipple leading to the collection of pus in the breast although it is more common among breastfeeding mothers.
  5. FAT NECROSIS: these are lumps formed as a result of injury to the fatty tissues in the breast.
  6. LIPOMA: are lumps formed when a fatty growth occurs in the fatty tissues of the breast but it is non-cancerous.
  7. BREAST CANCER: is a malignant tumour in breast cells and tissues. Breast cancers are a cause of most lumps in the breast.

HOW DO I PREVENT BREAST CANCER?

  • Avoid or Drink LESS alcohol
  • STOP smoking
  • Maintain a healthy body weight
  • Exercise Regularly
  • Breastfeed your baby
  • Avoid Exposure to radiation especially in the chest area
  • Eat a balanced diet.
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